Over 1 billion people in the world have a high blood pressure. Around 7.5 million people die because of high blood pressure. High blood pressure is an increase in blood passing through your blood vessel. It is commonly called hypertension. It becomes higher once the arteries are narrower and could not accommodate the amount of blood passing through. High blood pressure damages arteries and blood vessels. This results in many diseases that often lead to death. Damage on arteries and blood vessels due to high blood pressure results to blurred or loss of vision, kidney damage, memory loss, bleeding in the eye, chest pain, sleep apnea, heart attack or stroke, hardening or damage of the arteries, blood clotting, loss of sexual desire to include erectile dysfunction, osteoporosis, and other heart problems.
Causes of High Blood Pressure include Smoking, too much alcohol, old age, stress and fear, lack of physical activities and exercise, salty diet, improper diet, obesity, genetics, chronic kidney disease, sleep apnea, and thyroid disorders.
Some of the symptoms of hypertension are headaches, visual changes, flushing, nose bleeding, dizziness, unexplained chest pain, and bloody urine, irregular heartbeat, neck pain, fatigue, anxiety, and shortness of breath.
Blood pressure is measured through systolic and diastolic. Systolic determines the pressure of your blood against your blood vessels when your heart beats while the diastolic measures the blood pressure when your heart rests after every beat.
The normal blood pressure rate has a systolic measurement of less than 120 mmHg and a diastolic measurement of less than 80 mm Hg. When systolic measures from 120-139 mmHg with a diastolic result of 80-89 mmHg, it is already a prehypertension. It is considered high and dangerous when the systolic rate is 140 mm Hg or higher with a diastolic measurement of 90 mm Hg or higher.
If you are among those who are already at risk of hypertension, it is important to always monitor your blood pressure in order to avoid worsening the situation. It is better to get engaged with activities that will even help you keep your normal blood pressure. It is your lifestyle that has to be changed. Watch your weight, the more you get heavier, the more it gets harder for the blood to pass through your blood vessels due to the build-up of fats and fatty tissues in your body. Exercise and physical activities help lower your blood pressure and this has to be done consistently to avoid your blood pressure from getting higher. A healthy diet is one of the best approaches you can have. You are what you eat. Avoiding salt, alcohol, canned foods, bacon, cheese, canned tomato products, processed meat, coffee, frozen meals, hams, candies, soft drinks, pastries, and sauces. If you have been smoking for a long time, stop it. Nicotine does not help your blood pressure. It tremendously increases your blood pressure as it is the major culprit in blood clotting, narrowing your arteries and hardening its walls. Forget caffeine. Caffeine increases your blood pressure by 5 to 10 mmHg.
Reduce and control stress as if it does not exist. The problem does not go away. Our life issues do not end. Act upon your life problems but make sure to not worry and deal with them emotionally. Stress causes our whole body system to be out of balance. Avoid things, people and situations that trigger stress. Always take time to thank people. Appreciate every moment and stay happy.