Dornier created the Aerodyne for the Federal German Minister of Defence. Remote controls operated this wingless vertical take-off and landing aircraft. Alexander Lippisch, an aeronautical engineer and pioneer of aerodynamics, originated the Aerodyne. Lippisch envisioned the aircraft as a land or ship air reconnaissance drone. On September 18th, 1972, the Aerodyne succeeded in its hovering-flight test. An operator could control the Aerodyne in hovering and full forward flight across the entire test range. On November 30th, 1972, the Aerodyne failed to secure future development. The West German Air Force lacked interest in the Aerodyne and the development of manned helicopters.