With only their social arrangements going for them, these small birds flutter near ground level. Being promiscuous, the female mates with multiple males in quick succession, typically having a second male lurking in the bushes waiting to get his turn as her mate departs. Once her mate has left, she lets the other male copulate with her through bumping of the genitals. When her lover returns, she displays herself allowing him to poke at her genitals releasing his rival’s sperms. They will have sex to ensure that it’s his eggs in her nest. She ends up with the long end of the stick, as both her mate and side-chick will assist with feeding the chicks. Lucky Dunnock!