McMurdo Air Station, Antarctica
In 1956, The United States established McMurdo Station as a research centre in their Antarctica program. This air station’s name originates from British naval officer Archibald McMurdo. In 1841, McMurdo and his crew were the first people to discover the area.
From 1962 to 1972, the site operated a nuclear power plant.
McMurdo station comprises Antarctica’s biggest community. The site contains a harbour, three airfields, and over 100 buildings. This Antarctic base is able to sustain 1,258 occupants.
As you can imagine, Antarctica doesn’t provide optimal conditions for flight. McMurdo Station averages below freezing temperatures every month. The runways are founded on ice and snow.
In 1971, the Juliet Delta 321 aircraft crashed near McMurdo Station. That plane remained buried in the snow for 15 years.